Andrés Segovia (1893-1987) was a virtuoso Spanish classical guitarist and one of the most prominent classical guitar figures of the twentieth century. Born in Linares, Jaén, Spain on February 21, 1893, Segovia began his musical studies in Granada. He rejected other instruments after failed attempts at lessons on the violin in favor of the guitar, which he studied on his own. Segovia gave his first public performance in Granada at the Centro Artístico around 1909. His Madrid debut was at the Ateneo in 1913. After performing throughout Spain, he began touring internationally initially in Uruguay and Argentina, then followed by an extensive touring career including performances in the US, Europe, and South America.
Segovia's impact on the progress and status of the guitar as a recital instrument was immeasurable. He revitalized traditional playing techniques and expanded the repertory by editing many transcriptions and by his massive work in inspiring composers to write new music for the instrument. He commissioned works from composers including Federico Moreno Torroba, Joaquín Turina, Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco, Manuel Ponce, and Joaquín Rodrigo among many others. His aim was to extend the repertory of the guitar and to present it to the widest possible audience. His prolific recordings reached a wide international audience and were received with great critical acclaim. His teaching influenced new generations of players to strive to fulfill their musical ambitions.